Grade and Subject:

5th: Transdisciplinary: Social Studies “Migration/ Explorers” and ELA Visualize Social Studies CO 1.2 a The historical eras, individuals, groups, ideas, and themes in North America from 1491 through the founding of the United States government and ELA: Analyze how visual and multimedia elements contribute to the meaning, tone, or beauty of a text (e.g., graphic novel, multimedia presentation of fiction, folktale, myth, poem).CC(SS: RL.5.7)

Prerequisites:

Some understanding of what the times and technology during those years looked like

Objectives:

"I can analyze what motivated explorers to explore during the times of settlement of North America."

Materials:

  • map of the world
  • pencils
  • paper.
  • exploration journals
  • picture of explorers
  • Props if possible: Spices, fireworks, silk, compass (China)
  • Astrolabe
  • Random ‘boat’ build materials (pool noodles, string, paper, sticks etc.)

Process:

To get the students interested in why people explored show a clip from “Pirates Of The Caribbean.” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=naQr0uTrH_s  Ask the students why did  pirates explore, what challenges did they face, and what tools did they use? Allow for time to talk about these questions with a partner. Call on students to share with the class.

Take the students outside. Split student in four groups. Have random material for them to design an explorer ship. (pool noodles, sticks, string, paper, whatever you can find)

There will be four stations.

Students will ‘sail’  in their groups to the first station. The first station will be about the explorer Marco Polo. The students will read  the attached (or made up) script and will read parts presenting it to the other students. Allow time to write/reflect/ draw at this station in their self- made journals (see example bleow)  

The class transition to the second station.  At this station students will be learning about Prince Henry of Portugal and how he opened a school of navigation. Students have time to write/reflect at this station in their journals.  

The third station is when the students learn about Leif Erickson.Time to write/reflect at this station in their journals.

At the forth station students will learn about Christopher Columbus. Time to write/reflect at this station in their journals. Then the teacher will ask the students if somebody would like to share with the class what they wrote down in their journals.

Spread the stations out as much as possible for maximum movement.

Assessment/ "Confirm it":

3-2-1 strategy: Have pictures of each of the four explorers with years printed on a giant sticky note. Have students add 3 things they learned (written, or drawn, bullet points), 2 things they found interesting, and write one open ended question. The student’s journals are also a great way to confirm their understanding.

 

  

Scripts developed by Angela Hoss Student Teacher at Evans International Elementary School:

Marco Polo

Narrator: Visualize we are at the market in China. Here you can smell fresh fish and warm steamy rice. It is very busy here; there are a lot of people. It is very loud and crowded.

Student 1: (we are walking through the busy streets of China) Oh my!! Look at this Chinese invention, I have never seen before! It is gun powder!

Student 2: Well how does it work? What do you do with it?

Student 3: Lets watch this man use it.

Narrator: Marco Polo and his explores watch as the man demonstrates. He has something that looks like a firework and when he lights it, it explodes!

Student three: We definitely need this back in Spain.

Narrator: They continue to walk until they smell something so delicious they stop.

Student 1, 2, and 3: (all are smelling the air)

Student 1: What is they irresistible smell.

Student 2: I must eat whatever it is.

Student 3: (already eating it.) The spices in this soup are like nothing I have ever had in Spain.

Student 1 and 2: Can I try?

Student 3: We must bring these spices back to Spain.

Narrator: Marco Polo and his explores continue. They find fabric that is extremely soft like the velvet coat of a hare.

Student 1, 2, and 3: rub silk all over their face.

Student 1: I want to wear clothes made out of this- it is so soft and cool!

Student 2: It is so smooth you could drop water on in and it would run right off.

Student 3: I want to sleep in bedsheets made from this!

Student 1, 2, and 3: We must bring this back to Spain, it is amazing!

The teacher will explain to the students Marco Polo was an explorer from Spain. He is very famous from the book he wrote titled “The Travels of Marco Polo”. This book went into details on items he found in China and about the landscape of China. He was very impressed with Chinese inventions such as gunpowder, compass, silk, and spices. He wrote about how Spain should trade with China so they could also have these good and enjoy a better life.

Prince Henry of Portugal

Narrator: Visualize- you are in a castle, sitting at a large table talking to the king and his noble friends.

Prince: Do you know what our country needs?

Student 1, 2, and 3: No what?

Prince: We need a school where men can learn how to sail.

Student 1: That is a great idea my king.

Student 2: Yes, indeed, if we have more men who know how to sail then we can explore more!

Student 3: If we can explore more- we can have more land, spread our religion, and have more riches.

Prince: Yes, at our school men will learn how to use a compass, how to use an astrolabe, how to make a map, how to use a map, and how to sail a caravel ship a lighter, smaller, faster ship.

Student 1: What is an astrolabe?

Prince: It is a device use to show how the sky looks at a specific place at a given time. This is done by drawing the sky on the face of the astrolabe and marking it so positions in the sky are easy to find.

Here the teacher will give the students a picture of an astrolabe. The teacher will go into detail about the school, “Prince Henry of Portugal opened a school navigation because he wanted his people to be able to explore with success.” Some skills the men were taught were how to use a compass, how to use an astrolabe (go more in detail on what an astrolabe is), how to make a map, how to use a map, and how to sail a caravel ship. This ship was a newer better ship than what they had because it was lighter, smaller and faster.


Leif Erickson

Narrator: Visualize you are on a ship sailing to a new land with new opportunities.

Teacher: Leif was an explorer from Norway. He was also the leader of a group of men called the Vikings.

Student 1: Why did the Vikings explore?

Student 2: They explored because they wanted riches, spread religion, needed new land to farm and hunt. The Vikings fought with the natives a lot when they tried to farm and hunt on their land so they would leave.

Student 3: (Native) I do not like it when the Vikings come into my home, hunt my food, and farm my land. We must fight so they will leave.

Narrator: He was also the first person who explored North American before Christopher Columbus. The Vikings explored North America, Greenland, and all across the Atlantic Ocean.

Leif was an explorer from Norway. He was also the leader of a group of men called the Vikings. This group explored because they wanted riches, spread religion, new land to farm and hunt. He was also to be the first person who explored North American before Christopher Columbus. They explored North America, Greenland, and across the Atlantic Ocean. The Vikings fought with the natives a lot when they tried to farm and hunt on their land so they would leave.

Christopher Columbus

Narrator: Visualize you are in Spain and you just thought of an idea that your whole country would benefit from. Christopher Columbus wanted to explore because he thought he could find a shorter route to Asia.

Christopher Columbus: Why are we sailing around Africa to get to Asia? If we sail west across the Atlantic Ocean it would be a lot faster. There must be a way!

Student 2: In order to find this new route, Christopher Columbus had to become an entrepreneur.

Student 3: Like a business he had to write down a plan, get funding, find employees (crew), set the dates, and pay his employees (crew).

Narrator: Now we are in a Portuguese castle and Columbus is asking the king of Portugal to fund him with the promise of rich findings.

Christopher Columbus: King may you please pay for ship, crew, and food so I can find a faster route to Asia? All the riches we find will be yours!

King: No!

Narrator: Three years later Columbus asked King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain.

Christopher Columbus: King and Queen may you please pay for my ship, crew, and food so I can find a faster rout to Asia? All the riches we find will be yours!

King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain: NO! We are at war fighting for the Catholic religion!

Narrator: Once the war finished Christopher Columbus went back to their castle.

Christopher Columbus: I promised to spread the catholic religion to Asia if you pay for my ship, crew, and food so I can find a faster rout to Asia?

The king and Queen: Okay. As long as you teach the people of Asia the Catholic ways of life.

Christopher Columbus wanted to explores because he thought he could find a shorter route to Asia. There were sailing around Africa to get there but he thought sail west across the Atlantic Ocean to get to Asia faster. In order to do this he had to become an entrepreneur. Like a business he had to write down a plan, get funding, find employees (crew), set the dates, and pay his employees (crew). Columbus asked the king of Portugal to fund him with the promise of rich findings. The king said no we already have a trade route to Asia. Three years later Columbus asked King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain. They denied his request because they were in the middle of a religious war. Once the war finished he asked them again and promised them he would spread the catholic religion to Asia. The king and queen agreed to these terms.

 

Self made journals:

Student Made Journals

 

Amerigo Vespucci ExplorerChristopher Colombus Explorer

Francisco Coronado ExplorerJohn Cabot Explorer

Leif Erikson ExplorerMarco Polo Explorer

Prince Henry of Portugal ExplorerVasco Da Gama Explorer

Vasco Nunez De Balboa Explorer