Brain

The connections in autistic brains are idiosyncratic and individualized

Each autistics’ brain is distinct; non-autistics’ brains are remarkably uniform. The New York Times Magazine recently ran a cover article about mapping the connectome, all of the connections that link all of the neurons in someone’s brain. Many of these connections are formed and reinforced as a result of our experiences, and their sum total …

The connections in autistic brains are idiosyncratic and individualized Read More »

How does the brain develop in individuals with autism?

Geneticists at Heidelberg University Hospital’s Department of Molecular Human Genetics have used a new mouse model to demonstrate the way a certain genetic mutation is linked to a type of autism in humans and affects brain development and behavior. In the brain of genetically altered mice, the protein FOXP1 is not synthesized, which is also …

How does the brain develop in individuals with autism? Read More »

Why Is Physical Activity So Good for Your Brain?

This is really interesting. Apparently physical activity increases white matter integrity. White matter consists of cells and axons that are responsible for communication between the different parts of the brain. The axons in the white matter work best if they are myelinated which means a fatty layer forms around them. This allows nerve cells to …

Why Is Physical Activity So Good for Your Brain? Read More »

Autism Breakthrough! Researchers May Have Identified The Neurological Mechanism That Causes Autism

While most researchers agree that autism is triggered by a combination of genetic and environmental factors, no one has been able to pinpoint the triggered neurological mechanism that ultimately results in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, new researchmayexplain this longstanding mystery. In the study, researchers found that the brains of people with ASD had a …

Autism Breakthrough! Researchers May Have Identified The Neurological Mechanism That Causes Autism Read More »

Early Language Development Alters Anatomy of Brain in Autism

Individual differences in early language development, and in later language functioning, are associated with changes in the anatomy of the brain in autism. A new study, led by researchers from theUniv. of Cambridge, has found that a common characteristic of autism – language delay in early childhood – leaves a “signature” in the brain. The …

Early Language Development Alters Anatomy of Brain in Autism Read More »

Disorganized Brain Cells Help Explain Autism Symptoms

During the second and third trimester of pregnancy, the outer layer of the embryo’s brain, the cortex, assembles itself into six distinct layers. But in autism, according to new research, this organization goes awry—marring parts of the brain associated with the abilities often impaired in the disorder, such as social skills and language development. Eric …

Disorganized Brain Cells Help Explain Autism Symptoms Read More »

Gut Bacteria May Play a Role in Autism

Evidence is mounting that intestinal microbes exacerbate or perhaps even cause some of autism’s symptoms Autism is primarily a disorder of the brain, but research suggests that as many as nine out of 10 individuals with the condition also suffer from gastrointestinal problems such as inflammatory bowel disease and “leaky gut.” The latter condition occurs …

Gut Bacteria May Play a Role in Autism Read More »

Early cerebellum injury hinders neural development, possible root of autism

A brain region largely known for coordinating motor control has a largely overlooked role in childhood development that could reveal information crucial to understanding the onset of autism, according to Princeton University researchers. The cerebellum—an area located in the lower rear of the brain—is known to process external and internal information such as sensory cues that …

Early cerebellum injury hinders neural development, possible root of autism Read More »